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What Is Colorectal Cancer?


Colorectal cancer starts in the colon or the rectum. These cancers can also be called colon cancer or rectal cancer, depending on where they start.


Colon cancer and rectal cancer are often grouped together because they have many features in common.

What Is Screening?

Screening is the process of looking for cancer in people who have no symptoms.


Several tests can be used to screen for colorectal cancer.  

The most important thing is to get screened, no matter which test you choose.



Keep track of your/family medical history

consider your risk

​Only patients at average risk should be getting a FIT, others will go directly to colonoscopy

  • Average Risk 

    • No first degree relatives with CRC​

    • No previous adenomas

    • No long-lasting inflammatory bowel disease

  • Medium Risk

    • Previous adenomas

    • Longstanding inflammatory bowel disease

    • First degree relatives with CRC

  • High Risk

    • Those with previous CRC

    • Family history of FAP or HNPCC

  • Other risk factors:

    • Age

    • Sedentary lifestyle

    • Increased BMI/diet

    • Smoking


The American Cancer Society recommends that people at average risk of colorectal cancer start regular screening at age 45.



about colorectal cancer

who should get screened


Find a clinic or physician to get screened

If you have a Primary Care Provider (PCP):

  • Talk to your PCP about screening availability

​If you don’t have Primary Care Provider (PCP):

  • Find a medical home, such as the Bayview Hunters Point Clinic at the Arthur H. Coleman Medical Center​ or

  • Contact one of our Community Partners for care

  • Colorectal Cancer Alliance offers a financial assistance program

    They offer: 

    • screening assistance

    • stipends for patients going through colorectal cancer treatment 

    • provide navigation to walk individuals through their cancer journey 


how to get screened

patient education

These FIT and Colonoscopy Educational Videos can help explain the importance of screening:
Colon Cancer Screening

Colon Cancer Screening

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